What is Sea Cucumber or Beche-de-mer ?
Sea Cucumber are echinoderms like starfish and sea urchins.
There are some 1,250 known species, and many of these animals are indeed shaped like soft-bodied cucumbers. All
sea cucumbers are ocean dwellers, though some inhabit the shallows and others live in the deep ocean. They live
on or near the ocean floor sometimes partially buried beneath it. Sea cucumbers feed on tiny particles like
algae, minute aquatic animals, or waste materials, which they gather in with 8 to 30 tube feet that look like
tentacles surrounding their mouths. The animals break down these particles into even smaller pieces, which
become fodder for bacteria, and thus recycle them back into the ocean ecosystem. Earthworms performa similar
function in terrestrial ecosystems.
Sea cucumbers particularly eggs and young larvae, are prey for
fish and other marine animals. They are also enjoyed by humans, especially in Asia and some species are farmed
When threatened, some sea cucumbers discharge sticky threads
to ensnare their enemies. Others can mutilate their own bodies as a defense mechanism. They violently contract
their muscles and jettison some of their internal organs out of their anus. The missing body parts are quickly
Sea cucumbers can breed sexually or asexually. Sexual
reproduction is more typical, but the process is not very intimate. The animals release both eggs and sperm
into the water and fertilization occurs when they meet. There must be many individuals in a sea cucumber
population for this reproductive method to be successful. Indeed, many parts of the deep ocean host large herds
of these ancient animals, grazing on the mircroscopic bounty of marine waters.
What Sea Cucumbers we offer in Makassar
We currently supply three types of sea cucumber as listed